tel.: +380 (67)467-7896 Department of motor vehicles in Kyiv Ukraine inspector inspectionDMV
These Rules in accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On Road Traffic" establish a single order of traffic throughout Ukraine.
Other normative acts concerning the peculiarities of road traffic (transportation of special cargoes, operation of certain types of vehicles, traffic in a closed territory, etc.) must be based on the requirements of these Rules.
In Ukraine, right-hand traffic has been established.
Road users are obliged to know and strictly comply with the requirements of these Rules, as well as to be mutually polite.
Each road user has the right to expect that other participants comply with these Rules.
Actions or inaction of road users and other persons must not create a danger or obstacle to traffic, endanger the life or health of citizens, cause material damage.
The person who created such conditions shall immediately take measures to ensure road safety on this section of the road and take all possible measures to eliminate obstacles, and if this is not possible, to warn other road users, notify the authorized unit of the National Police, the owner of the road or the body authorized by him.
It is allowed to use roads not for their intended purpose taking into account the requirements of Articles 36-38 of the Law of Ukraine "On Motor Roads".
Drivers are required to pay particular attention to road users such as cyclists, wheelchair users and pedestrians. All road users should be especially careful about children, the elderly and people with obvious signs of disability (version from 07/11/2018).
Restrictions on traffic, in addition to those provided by these Rules, may be introduced in the manner prescribed by law.
Persons who violate these Rules are liable under the law.
The terms given in these Rules have the following meaning:
bus - a car with more than nine seats, including the driver's seat, which by its design and equipment is designed to transport passengers and their luggage with the necessary comfort and safety;
highway - a highway that:
specially built and intended for the movement of vehicles, not intended for entry into or exit from the adjacent territory;
has for each direction of movement separate carriageways, separated from each other by a dividing strip;
does not cross on one level other roads, railways and tram tracks, pedestrian and bicycle paths, ways of passage of animals, has protections on roadsides and a dividing strip and is fenced with a grid;
marked by road sign 5.1;
highway, street (road) - a part of the territory, including in the settlement, intended for the movement of vehicles and pedestrians, with all the structures located on it (bridges, overpasses, overpasses, overground and underground pedestrian crossings) and means of traffic organization , and is limited in width by the outer edge of the sidewalks or the edge of the right-of-way. This term also includes specially constructed temporary roads, except for arbitrarily paved roads (tracks);
highways of state importance - public highways, which include international, national and regional highways, which are marked with appropriate road signs;
road train (vehicle) - a motor vehicle connected to one or more trailers by means of a coupling device;
safe distance - the distance to the vehicle moving in front along the same lane, which in case of its sudden braking or stopping will allow the driver of the vehicle moving behind to prevent a collision without performing any maneuver;
safe interval - the distance between the sides of moving vehicles or between them and other objects, at which road safety is guaranteed;
safe speed - the speed at which the driver can safely drive the vehicle and control its movement in specific road conditions;
towing - movement by one vehicle of another vehicle, which does not belong to the operation of road trains (vehicles) on a rigid or flexible clutch or by partial loading on the platform or on a special support device;
truck - a car, which by its design and equipment is intended for the carriage of goods;
bicycle - a vehicle other than wheelchairs, driven by the muscular force of the person on it;
cyclist - a person who rides a bicycle;
bicycle path - a paved path made within or outside the road, intended for bicycle traffic and marked with a road sign 4.12 Sign 4.12 "Bicycle path";
visibility in the direction of travel - the maximum distance at which the driver's position can clearly identify the boundaries of road elements and the location of road users, which allows the driver to navigate while driving, in particular to choose a safe speed and safe maneuver;
forced stop - cessation of the vehicle due to its technical malfunction or danger caused by the transported cargo, the condition of the road user, the appearance of an obstacle to traffic;
overtaking - the movement of a vehicle with a speed exceeding the speed of a passing vehicle moving side by side in the adjacent lane;
vehicle owner - a natural or legal person who owns property rights to a vehicle, which is confirmed by relevant documents;
driver - a person who drives a vehicle and has a driver's license (tractor driver's license, temporary driving license, temporary driving license) of the appropriate category. A driver is also a person who teaches to drive a vehicle while in the vehicle;
dimensional and weight control - check of dimensional and weight parameters of the vehicle (including the motor vehicle), the trailer and cargo for compliance with the established norms concerning dimensions (width, height from a road surface, length of the vehicle) and concerning loading, actual weight, axial load), which is carried out in accordance with the established procedure at stationary or mobile points of dimensional and weight control;
lawn - a plot of homogeneous area with turf cover, which is artificially created by sowing and growing turf-forming grasses (mostly perennial grasses) or sod;
braking distance - the distance traveled by the vehicle during emergency braking from the beginning of the impact on the control of the brake system (pedal, handle) to the place of its stop;
the main road is a paved road relative to the dirt road
or that denoted by the signs 1.22, 1.23.1, 1.23.2, 1.23.3, 1.23.4, 2.3.
The presence of a pavement on the secondary road immediately in front of the intersection does not equate it in value to the intersection;
give a road - a requirement for a road user not to continue or resume traffic, not to perform any maneuvers (except for the requirement to release the occupied lane), if this may force other road users who have the advantage to change direction or speed;
daytime running lights - white exterior lights provided by the design of the vehicle, installed in front of the vehicle and designed to improve the visibility of the vehicle during its movement in daylight;
maximum permissible mass - the mass of an equipped vehicle with cargo, driver and passengers, which is set by the technical characteristics of the vehicle as the maximum allowable. The maximum permissible mass of a road train is the sum of the permissible maximum permissible mass of each vehicle that is part of the road train;
road accident - an event that occurred during the movement of a vehicle, as a result of which people were killed or injured or material damage was caused;
road works - works related to the construction, reconstruction, repair or maintenance of a road (street), man-made structures, drainage structures, engineering equipment, installation (repair, replacement) of technical means of traffic organization;
road conditions - a set of factors that characterize (taking into account the season, time of day, atmospheric phenomena, road light) visibility in the direction of travel, the condition of the road surface (cleanliness, smoothness, roughness, traction), as well as its width, the amount of slopes on descents and ascents, turns and roundings, presence of sidewalks or roadsides, means of the organization of traffic and their condition;
road conditions - a set of factors characterized by road conditions, the presence of obstacles on a particular section of road, the intensity and level of traffic (the presence of road markings, road signs, road equipment, traffic lights and their condition), which must take into account the driver when choosing speed, lanes and methods of driving a vehicle;
operation of the vehicle - transportation of the trailer by the tractor in accordance with the instructions for its use (compliance of the trailer with the tractor, the presence of an insurance connection, a single alarm system, lighting, etc.);
overpass - an engineering structure for the movement of vehicles and (or) pedestrians, raising one road over another at the point of their intersection, as well as to create a road at a certain height, which has no exits to another road;
residential area - yard areas, as well as parts of settlements marked by road sign 5.31 Sign 5.31 "Residential area";
leaving the scene of a traffic accident - actions of a participant in a traffic accident, aimed at concealing the fact of such an accident or the circumstances of its commission, which caused the need for police to establish (search) this participant and (or) search for a vehicle;
railway crossing - crossing of the road with railway tracks on one level;
blindness - the physiological state of the driver due to the action of light on his vision, when the driver is objectively unable to detect obstacles or recognize the boundaries of road elements at a minimum distance;
stop - termination of the vehicle for up to 5 minutes or more, if necessary for boarding (disembarking) of passengers or loading (unloading) of cargo, compliance with the requirements of these Rules (giving preference to traffic, compliance with traffic controller requirements, traffic lights, etc.);
a column of pedestrians - an organized group of people moving on the roadway in one direction;
convoy of vehicles - an organized group of three or more vehicles moving together in one direction directly one after the other with the low beam headlights constantly on;
the edge of the carriageway (for non-rail vehicles) - visible conditional or marked by road marking line on the carriageway at the point of its adjacency to the curb, sidewalk, lawn, dividing strip, lane for trams, bicycle or pedestrian path;
extreme position on the carriageway - the position of the vehicle at a distance from the edge of the carriageway (middle of the carriageway or dividing strip), which does not allow the accompanying vehicle (including two-wheeled) to move even closer to the edge of the carriageway (middle of the carriageway or dividing stripes);
wheelchair - a specially designed wheelchair, which is designed for road use of persons with disabilities or persons belonging to other low-mobility groups. A wheelchair has at least two wheels and is equipped with an engine or driven by human muscular force (item added on 07/11/2018);
passenger car - a car with a number of seats not exceeding nine, including the driver's seat, which by its design and equipment is designed to carry passengers and their luggage with the necessary comfort and safety;
maneuvering (maneuver) - the beginning of movement, rearrangement of the vehicle in motion from one lane to another, turn right or left, turn, exit from the carriageway, reversing;
route vehicles (public vehicles) - buses, minibuses, trolleybuses, trams and taxis that follow the established routes and have certain places on the road for boarding (disembarking) of passengers;
motor vehicle - a vehicle driven by an engine. This term applies to tractors, self-propelled machines and mechanisms, as well as trolleybuses and vehicles with an electric motor with a capacity of more than 3 kW;
minibus - a single-decker bus with a number of seats not exceeding seventeen, including the driver's seat;
bridge - a structure designed to move across a river, ravine and other obstacles, the boundaries of which are the beginning and end of span structures;
moped - a two-wheeled vehicle with an engine with a displacement of up to 50 cubic meters. cm or an electric motor up to 4 kW;
motorcycle - a two-wheeled motor vehicle with or without a sidecar, having an engine with a displacement of 50 cubic meters. cm and more. Motorcycles are equated to scooters, motor carts, tricycles and other motor vehicles, the maximum permissible weight of which does not exceed 400 kg;
settlement - built-up area, the entrances to and exits of which are marked by road signs 5.45 Sign 5.45 "Settlement", 5.46 Sign 5.46 "End of settlement", 5.47 Sign 5.47 "Settlement", 5.48 Sign 5.48 "End of settlement ";
traffic hazard - a change in the road conditions (including the appearance of a moving object approaching or crossing the lane of the vehicle) or the technical condition of the vehicle, which threatens road safety and forces the driver to immediately reduce speed or stop. A special case of danger to traffic is the movement within the lane of another vehicle towards the general flow;
insufficient visibility - visibility of the road in the direction of movement less than 300 m at dusk, in fog, rain, snow, etc .;
overtaking - overtaking one or more vehicles, associated with the departure to the oncoming lane;
limited visibility - visibility of the road in the direction of movement, which is limited by the geometric parameters of the road, roadside engineering structures, plantings and other objects, as well as vehicles;
visibility - an objective opportunity to see the road situation from the driver's seat;
a person who moves in a wheelchair - a person with a disability or a person who belongs to other low-mobility groups and moves independently on the road in a wheelchair;safety island - a technical means of regulating traffic at land pedestrian crossings, structurally allocated above the carriageway and intended as a protective element to stop pedestrians during the crossing of the carriageway. The safety island includes the part of the dividing strip through which the pedestrian crossing passes;
passenger - a person who uses a vehicle and is in it, but not involved in driving it;
advantage - the right to priority traffic in relation to other road users;
transportation of organized groups of children - simultaneous transportation of ten or more children with the head responsible for accompanying them during the trip (for a group of thirty or more children an additional medical worker is appointed);
intersection - the place of intersection, adjacency or branching of roads on one level, the boundary of which is the imaginary lines between the beginning of the rounding of the edges of the carriageway of each of the roads. The place of adjacency to the exit road from the adjacent territory is not considered to be an intersection.
obstacle to traffic - a stationary object within the lane of a vehicle or an object moving in passing within this lane (except for a vehicle moving towards the general flow of vehicles) and forcing the driver to maneuver or reduce speed until stopping vehicle;
pedestrian - a person who participates in traffic outside vehicles and does not perform any work on the road. Pedestrians are also equated with persons who move in wheelchairs without a motor, ride a bicycle, moped, motorcycle, carry a sledge, stroller, pram or wheelchair;
pedestrian path - a paved path intended for pedestrian traffic, made within or outside the road and marked with sign 4.13 Sign 4.13 "Pedestrian path";
pedestrian crossing - a section of the carriageway or engineering structure intended for the movement of pedestrians across the road. Pedestrian crossings are marked by road signs 5.35.1, 5.35.2, 5.36.1, 5.36.2, 5.37.1, 5.37.2, road markings 1.14.1, 1.14.2, 1.14.3, pedestrian traffic lights. In the absence of road markings, the boundaries of the pedestrian crossing are determined by the distance between road signs or pedestrian traffic lights, and at the intersection in the absence of pedestrian traffic lights, road signs and markings - the width of sidewalks or sidewalks;
Regulated is a pedestrian crossing, the movement of which is regulated by a traffic light or a regulator, unregulated - a pedestrian crossing on which there is no regulator, traffic lights are absent or off or operate in the mode of flashing yellow signal;
Adjacent territory - the territory adjacent to the edge of the carriageway and not intended for through passage, but only for entry into yards, parking lots, gas stations, construction sites, etc., or exit from them;
trailer - a vehicle designed to move only in conjunction with another vehicle. This type of vehicle also includes semi-trailers and trailers;
carriageway - an element of the road intended for the movement of non-rail vehicles. The road may have several carriageways, the boundaries of which are dividing lanes;
regulator - a police officer who regulates traffic in high-visibility uniforms with elements of reflective material with a wand, whistle. The regulator is equated with employees of the military traffic safety inspection, road maintenance service, on duty at the railway crossing, ferry crossing, who have the appropriate certificate and armband, wand, disk with a red signal or reflector, red lantern or flag and make adjustments to uniforms;
rail vehicle - tram and platforms with special equipment moving on tram tracks. All other vehicles involved in traffic are considered non-rail;
dividing lane - a structural element of the highway, which separates adjacent carriageways, structurally or by means of continuous lines of road marking 1.1 and 1.2.
The dividing strip is not intended for the movement or parking of vehicles. If there is a sidewalk on the dividing strip, pedestrian traffic is allowed on it;
agricultural machinery - tractors, self-propelled chassis, self-propelled agricultural, road construction, reclamation machines and other mechanisms;
lane - a longitudinal lane on the carriageway at least 2.75 m wide, which is marked or not marked by road markings and is intended for the movement of non-rail vehicles;
parking - termination of the vehicle for more than 5 minutes, for reasons not related to the need to comply with the requirements of these Rules, boarding (disembarking) of passengers, loading (unloading) of cargo;dark time of day - part of the day from sunset to sunrise;
tram track - an element of the road designed for the movement of rail vehicles, which is limited in width by a specially designated paving of the tram line or road markings. On the tram track the movement of non-rail vehicles is allowed in accordance with the requirements of section 11 of these Rules;
vehicle - a device designed to transport people and (or) cargo, as well as special equipment or mechanisms installed on it;
sidewalk - an element of the road intended for pedestrians, which is adjacent to the carriageway or separated from it by a lawn;
advanced coating - cement concrete, asphalt concrete, reinforced concrete or reinforced concrete prefabricated coating, paving stones paved with cobblestones and mosaics, prefabricated coating of small concrete slabs, gravel and gravel, treated with organic and viscous materials;
roadside - a structurally or continuous line of the road marking element of the highway, adjacent directly to the outer edge of the carriageway, located on the same level with it and not intended for the movement of vehicles, except as provided by these Rules. The roadside can be used for stopping and parking of vehicles, movement of pedestrians, mopeds, bicycles (in the absence of sidewalks, pedestrian, bicycle paths or in case of impossibility to move on them), carts (sledges);
road user - a person who is directly involved in the process of movement on the road as a pedestrian, driver, passenger, animal driver, cyclist, as well as a person moving in a wheelchair (paragraph changed 11.07.2018);
Overpass - an engineering structure of the bridge type over another road (railway) at the point of their intersection, which provides traffic on it at different levels and allows the exit to another road.